بدون عنوان
1. Unofficial Transportation in Khorassan Razavi Province

رزمی رزمی؛ لطفعلی اذری

دوره 14، شماره 20 ، پاییز و زمستان 1386

http://dx.doi.org/10.22067/pm.v14i20.180

چکیده
  Transportation sector creates interconnections between different economic sectors, so it is a very important infrastructural sector. Due to the services of this sector, economic resources in far away areas are utilized, production and distribution costs reduce and economic development is strengthened. Because of these reasons, investment in this sector is increasing day by day. Investment in transportation sector includes, land, rail, and marine ways and supply of transportation means. Unofficial economic activities, (UEA) form an important part of economic activities in many countries today. ...  بیشتر

بدون عنوان
2. A Study of the International Economy of ECO Members countries in the Process of Integraton

حسینی حسینی؛ taghi هومن

دوره 14، شماره 20 ، پاییز و زمستان 1386

http://dx.doi.org/10.22067/pm.v14i20.229

چکیده
  The present article presents a comparative study of the international macro economy indicators of ECO member countries in the process of integration. In the age of globalization and the integration of world economy, economic development is not just a national issue; and the states have to avail themselves of existing regional and international resources and opportunities to achieve a desired level of national development. How to benefit from regional and international resources is one of the most significant questions facing all states, particularly developing countries including ECO members. Having ...  بیشتر

بدون عنوان
3. The Impact of Government employment on Total Employment

خیر خواهان خیر خواهان؛ شهاب گرجی

دوره 14، شماره 20 ، پاییز و زمستان 1386

http://dx.doi.org/10.22067/pm.v14i20.231

چکیده
  In this paper, we analyze the relationship between public and private employment, and show how employment effects the performance of labor market. There are various transition mechanisms through which a change in public employment effects the whole economy and unemployment situation. Economic theory doesnصt provide a clear answer about how unemployment changes from public employment policies. Thus without a prior test, it isnصt possible to suggest which transition mechanisms in this regard work. So an unstructural approach is used for model specification and estimation in addition to comparative ...  بیشتر

بدون عنوان
4. The Use of Unrestricted Error Correction Model in Private Investment in Iran

قر بانی قر بانی؛ الهام شکری؛ marzieh مطلبی

دوره 14، شماره 20 ، پاییز و زمستان 1386

http://dx.doi.org/10.22067/pm.v14i20.232

چکیده
  In this paper the long run relationship between private investment and the variables influencing it with be determined using conditional ARDL Model Pesaran& Shinصs framework for the years 1973-2004. The results of this study show that there is long run relationship between private investment, public investment, per capita income and capital inventory, real interest rate and granted credit of banks to private sector. Private investment has the most sensitivity to public investment. On the other hand, private investment in Iran has the lowest sensitivity to banks granting credit to private sector, ...  بیشتر

بدون عنوان
5. The Estimation of Demand for Money by Using Time- Series & co-integration in Iran

مصطفوی مصطفوی؛ kazem یاوری

دوره 14، شماره 20 ، پاییز و زمستان 1386

http://dx.doi.org/10.22067/pm.v14i20.233

چکیده
  This paper provides a critical review of the estimation of demand for money in the short and long rum. In doing so, first the main effective factors of the demand for money from the point of view of monetarists is explained. Then a short report about the existing studies on the demand for money in Iranصs economy is presented with special emphasis on their shortcomings and problems. Time-series and co-integration with quarterly data for pure post-revolutionary period are applied. The stationarity of data has been investigated via ADF test. The applied model in this study deals with GDP, inflation, ...  بیشتر

بدون عنوان
6. The Effect of Initial The Estimation of Demand for Money by Using Time- Series & co-integration in IranCapital on Survival of Small and Medium-sized Manufacturing Firms in Iran

مدهوشی مدهوشی؛ ghafar تاری

دوره 14، شماره 20 ، پاییز و زمستان 1386

http://dx.doi.org/10.22067/pm.v14i20.234

چکیده
  .The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of initial capital on survival of small and medium-sized manufacturing firms in Iran between 1981-2005. The Industry & Mine Ministry data base has been used for data gathering, and the data were processed using Event-history analysis. A product-limit estimator (Kaplan-Meier) Model, is used for exploratory data analysis, and the comparison of survivor functions is used for comparing exit pattern of small and medium-size firms. Also a semi-parametric Cox regression model is used for testing the hypothesis. The results support the surveyصs hypothesis ...  بیشتر

بدون عنوان
7. Evaluating The Comparative Advantage of Ceramic Tile Industry of Iran by Using The DRC Techniqu

کاظمی کاظمی؛ yaghoob مهارتی

دوره 14، شماره 20 ، پاییز و زمستان 1386

http://dx.doi.org/10.22067/pm.v14i20.236

چکیده
  The Important role of entrepreneurship in growth and development of domestic and global economies sectors emphasize the need to creat and sustain an appropriate supportine poliey for entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship. In this study a population of both distinguished and undistinguished managers from manufactuning firms of Khorasan province were studied to measure their entrepreneurship characteristics based on criteria introducred by scholars . For this purpose, a standard questionnaire was used, and collested data were analyzed using descriptive statistical methods . The resalt of the study ...  بیشتر

بدون عنوان
8. The role of information and communication technologies (ICT) has been specified as a new industry in many parts of the world. Although ICT industry has spread to some extent in Iran, its employment generation effects is still undrestimated. In this articl

میرزایی میرزایی؛ SHirin اربابیان

دوره 14، شماره 20 ، پاییز و زمستان 1386

http://dx.doi.org/10.22067/pm.v14i20.237

چکیده
  The role of information and communication technologies (ICT) has been specified as a new industry in many parts of the world. Although ICT industry has spread to some extent in Iran, its employment generation effects is still undrestimated. In this article, Input-Output pattern has been used to examine the employment generation effects of ICT sector in comparison with the other economic sectors of the country. Some indexes such as output backward and forward linkages and direct & indirect employment coefficients are used. On the bases of direct employment coefficient the results show that ICT has ...  بیشتر