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محمدعلی ابوترابی فرزانه احمدیان یزدی

چکیده

توسعه سیستم مالی نقش غیر قابل انکاری در دستیابی به توسعه پایدار در کشورهای مختلف و به‌طور خاص کشورهای غنی از منابع طبیعی دارد؛ زیرا عموماً یکی از مشکلات اساسی که مانع از بهره­مندی این دسته از کشورها از مواهب حاصل از فروش منابع طبیعی خدادادی می­شود، عدم توسعه­یافتگی سیستم مالی است. درواقع سیستم مالی از این پتانسیل بالقوه برخوردار است که با تبدیل درآمد حاصل از منابع طبیعی به سایر اشکال سرمایه، منجربه ایجاد توسعه اقتصادی در این کشورها شود. در این مطالعه نظر به اهمیت خاص سیستم مالی، به مطالعه نقش این بخش کلیدی در هدایت رانت حاصل از منابع طبیعی به منظور افزایش اعتماد عمومیت یافته (به عنوان شاخصی از سرمایه اجتماعی) در ایران پرداخته شده است. به این منظور تکنیک رگرسیون غلتان بر مبنای روش ARDL، طی دوره زمانی 1970-2014 مورد استفاده قرار گرفته است. نتایج حاصل از برآورد الگو، نشان می­دهد که توسعه چند بُعدی سیستم مالی در بخش بانکی، دارای این پتانسیل است که بتواند منجربه بهبود اثرگذاری رانت منابع طبیعی بر اعتماد عمومیت در ایران یافته شود؛ بنابراین توسعه سیستم مالی به عنوان یک سیاست ساختاری کلیدی، به منظور بهره­گیری مثبت از منابع طبیعی در ایران توصیه می­شود.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

رانت منابع طبیعی، اعتماد عمومیت یافته، توسعه مالی، رگرسیون غلتان

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ارجاع به مقاله
ابوترابیم., & احمدیان یزدیف. (2020). مطالعه تأثیر توسعه مالی بر نحوۀ اثرگذاری رانت منابع طبیعی بر اعتماد عمومیت یافته در ایران. پژوهش های اقتصاد پولی، مالی, 26(18), 137-166. https://doi.org/10.22067/pm.v26i18.80387
نوع مقاله
پژوهشی